Memory care, sometimes called Alzheimer’s care, provides housing and 24-hour care for seniors with Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. Memory care facilities offer a safe, uniquely designed environment for residents with a focus on improving quality of life, reducing confusion, and preventing wandering.
But what exactly is a memory care facility? Memory care communities are residential spaces that cater to the specific needs of seniors with memory loss. Key services and features that make memory care facilities different from other types of senior care include 24-hour care, specialized staff, memory-enhancing therapies, a secure environment, and more.
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Memory care offers many benefits to support the unique care needs of seniors with Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia. This approach to dementia care helps residents maintain their skills as long as possible while providing enriching activities that stimulate cognition and improve quality of life.
Benefits of memory care include:
Dementia is often progressive. This means symptoms worsen over time, often leaving elderly adults unable to live independently and causing tremendous stress and burden to families and caregivers. As the disease progresses, dementia behaviors and symptoms become difficult to manage, and living at home may no longer be safe.
Someone with advanced dementia needs 24-hour supervised care in a secure environment. In later stages of the disease, many people have difficulty performing simple activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, and using the toilet. Disorientation, confusion, and sometimes aggression also tend to get worse, affecting seniors with dementia and those around them.
It may be difficult for family caregivers to provide full-time care for a loved one with advanced dementia while juggling other responsibilities, such as work and children. The physical and emotional stress of caring for someone with dementia puts caregivers at risk for health problems and decreased quality of life, and may lead to burnout. Memory care provides much-needed support for caregivers while offering exceptional care for people with memory loss.
Memory care facilities are well-equipped to prevent wandering — a common but dangerous dementia and Alzheimer’s behavior. People who wander may get lost or hurt.
Residents’ safety is a priority in memory care facilities. Memory care offers a secure environment with locked exterior doors, so that no one may leave or enter unnoticed. These communities may also have keypads or doorbells at entrances and exits to help staff monitor who enters and leaves the building. Many facilities feature enclosed gardens or courtyards to allow residents to safely spend time outdoors.
Memory care communities are often designed to reduce confusion and disorientation, both of which can lead to wandering. Clearly identified spaces, personalized apartments, proper lighting, and reduced background noise are some of the thoughtful design elements in memory care. They promote a sense of safety, calm, and familiarity that helps residents relax and feel at home.
Memory care facilities are often a part of a larger senior living community. For example, many assisted living facilities have a separate wing designated for memory care. In other cases, memory care facilities are standalone communities exclusively for residents with memory loss.
Staff in memory care facilities receive specific, thorough, and regular training to provide round-the-clock quality care for seniors with memory loss. Memory care residents are often encouraged to be as independent as possible according to their abilities while getting the support they need.
A low staff-to-resident ratio at memory care facilities allows for more social interaction and time to care for each individual’s needs. Staff help residents stay engaged with social and enriching activities, like brain games and art classes, which stimulate memory and encourage seniors to maintain their skills.
Memory care staff are also trained to manage dementia symptoms, including difficult and combative behaviors, in a kind, compassionate manner, using specific dementia care techniques. A non-drug approach to dementia care and behavior management is emphasized, reducing the need for antipsychotic medication.
Care coordination is an important service offered at memory care facilities. Community staff work closely to assess residents and plan activities according to their needs and abilities.
Staff at memory care communities may also work with other health care providers to ensure residents receive the care they need. Care coordination at memory care facilities may include:
Many memory facilities offer person-centered care for seniors with dementia. These communities take a personalized approach to dementia care by understanding a senior’s preferences, past experiences, abilities, and care needs.
Staff in these memory care facilities develop a relationship with residents and family members to get a holistic understanding of the person who will receive care. This approach allows them to develop a customized dementia care plan to better meet the resident’s unique needs and support their health and emotional well-being.
Memory care facilities often offer supportive therapies and activities for dementia that help with behavior problems by increasing relaxation, reducing agitation, and improving mood. These may include:
Memory care is one of the fastest-growing forms of senior care in the U.S. While memory care facilities offer many of the same services as other senior care types, there are significant differences.
Like assisted living facilities, memory care provides housing, meal services, supervised care, and help with daily tasks, including hygiene, mobility, and more. However, memory care differs from assisted living because it specializes in caring for people with memory loss.
This means memory care spaces and staff are well-equipped to accommodate the unique needs of residents with Alzheimer’s or dementia. This includes providing 24-hour monitoring, care, and supervision; staff that are knowledgeable in dementia techniques; specific memory-enhancing activities and therapies; and a secure environment for residents.
Both memory care facilities and nursing homes offer full-time care for seniors with memory loss. Care for people with Alzheimer’s or dementia at memory care facilities and nursing homes both include long-term housing, meal services, medication management, assistance with daily activities — such as bathing, grooming, and using the toilet — and more. However, memory care differs from nursing homes in important ways.
Memory care focuses on improving quality of life for seniors with Alzheimer’s or dementia through personalized care plans and memory-enhancing activities and therapies. These dementia care facilities specialize in caring for people with memory loss through staff training and unique programs and building layouts to help increase residents’ well-being and sense of familiarity.
Important memory care features include:
Nursing home residents often require more intensive care. Seniors who need nursing home care don’t need to be hospitalized, but may be debilitated, bedridden, or use a wheelchair. While the level of medical care at nursing homes may be higher, care often focuses more on physical care than memory care.
|Services||Memory Care||Nursing Homes||Assisted Living|
|Private or shared rooms||x||x||x|
|Housekeeping and laundry services||x||x||x|
|Help with daily activities (ADLs)||x||x||x|
|Exercise and physical therapy as needed||x||x||x|
|Specialized care for patients with memory loss||x||x|
|24-hour care and supervision||x||x|
|Secured entrances and exits to prevent wandering||x||x|
|Transportation to appointments||x||x|
|Unique facility layout and design to reduce confusion||x|
Home care offers care for seniors with dementia who wish to age in place. It may also provide support and respite for dementia caregivers. Home care aides are trained in senior care and can provide companionship, help with activities of daily living, light housekeeping, cooking, transportation, and more.
While it offers one-on-one care tailored to individual needs, home care differs from memory care when it comes to social engagement and the specialized therapies found at memory care facilities. It may also be difficult or expensive to adapt your home to make it safe for someone with advanced dementia.
The level of care provided by home care aides is based on needs, and costs are calculated by the type of care provided. Home care fees are charged by the hour. This means that home care may be an expensive alternative to memory care, depending on how much care is needed.Back to top
Memory care is for seniors who have Alzheimer’s, another form of dementia, or other types of memory loss. Memory loss associated with Alzheimer’s or dementia is progressive and classified in stages, which relate to levels of cognitive impairment and symptoms.
Whether your loved one has just been diagnosed with dementia or is showing signs of increasing cognitive decline, understanding what to expect as their disease progresses and the type of care they need at each stage can help you plan.
While some people with early- to middle-stage dementia may do well at home or at an assisted living facility, as dementia symptoms and behaviors worsen, many families opt for memory care. The specialized care and therapies available at memory care facilities teach coping strategies that enable seniors to compensate for memory loss, increasing confidence while keeping them safe. Memory care also provides a structured environment, with daily routines that help residents feel more comfortable as they cope with declining cognition.
Many assisted living facilities also offer on-site memory care. This means a senior with early-stage dementia may be able to move first to assisted living and later transition to memory care at the same community as their disease progresses.
Seniors with greater cognitive decline often need more assistance than caregivers are able to provide at home or at an assisted living community. People with late-stage dementia become unable to care for themselves, and need round-the-clock care and supervision to keep them safe and to ensure quality of life. Memory care offers a lower staff-to-resident ratio so residents can receive the care and attention they need.
Only a doctor can evaluate your loved one’s level of cognition. Below is an overview of each dementia stage and its associated symptoms and behaviors, according to the Global Deterioration Scale — also called the Reisberg Scale — for assessment of primary degenerative dementia.
As dementia progresses, it may become difficult to provide the support your family member needs at home. Memory care can support the unique needs of seniors with memory loss while keeping them safe and offering enriching activities that help them maintain their skills and a sense of self for as long as possible.
It may be time for memory care if:
Assess the situation carefully to determine how long your loved one can age in place safely. Talk to their doctor, other care providers, and/or a geriatric care manager. Consider your loved one’s needs and your ability to provide care.
Many families struggle with feelings of sadness and grief as dementia progresses. It’s difficult to witness your parent’s declining health and to think about all the memories lost.
You may also be reluctant to delegate the care of your loved one. When it comes time to move a family member to a memory care facility, the feelings of guilt may become overwhelming. However, delaying a move to memory care may present certain risks to your relationship with your loved one, their health, and your own.
You may also struggle with talking to other family members about your loved one’s care or telling them you can no longer be a caregiver. Seeking support to care for a loved one with memory loss doesn’t make you selfish or uncaring. Ultimately, you want what’s best for your loved one, yourself, and your family.
Focus on what you can do to help keep them safe and to preserve their quality of life. While you can’t change your loved one’s diagnosis, you can help by choosing the right type of care for them. Our Senior Living Advisors can help guide your decision by understanding your loved one’s needs, preferences, and financial resources to pay for care. They can connect you with facilities for in-person or virtual tours, where you’ll have the opportunity to ask questions and see everyday life at the community. Once you select a community, a medical and skills assessment will be performed to get a full picture of your loved one’s abilities and needs so they receive the right type of care.Back to top
Memory care costs vary. Memory care facilities offer 24-hour care, specialized staff, memory-enhancing activities and therapies, and secure environments. Memory care also provides meals, housekeeping, and help with assistance of activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, and toileting. All of this adds to the cost of memory care.
The average cost of memory care ranges from $2,000 to $7,000 a month or more. Prices vary depending on location, amenities, and care needs. While some services like meals, medication management, and group activities are included, others are optional. For example, residents may have access to laundry services, lunch outings, or beauty services, like haircuts or manicures, but these may cost extra.
The type of accommodations you choose also affects the price. For example, does your loved one need a one-bedroom apartment or will a studio be sufficient? Would they enjoy having a roommate?
When choosing a memory care facility, it’s important to understand how prices are calculated, what’s included, and what’s not. Be sure to also ask how often rates increase and whether a deposit or entry fee is required.
You’ve done your research and decided memory care is the right choice for your loved one with dementia. But how do you afford long-term care? While many families look to savings to finance senior care, there are other little-known funding sources that can help finance your parent’s memory care, including:
You may feel overwhelmed with choices when it’s time to find a memory care facility for your loved one. Memory care services and amenities vary widely among different communities, so where do you start?
Your parent’s specific needs and preferences can guide your decision. For example, if your loved one wanders, safety is a key priority. Or, if combative behavior is an issue, understanding the community’s approach to preventing and handling aggressive dementia behaviors is important.
Ultimately, there’s no substitute for visiting a community and experiencing a typical day. Touring a memory care facility provides opportunities to see the layout of the building, witness staff interactions with residents, try a meal, participate in activities, and talk to other residents. Most memory care communities also offer virtual tours if an in-person visit isn’t possible.
As you tour different memory care facilities, take the opportunity to ask important questions that will help you determine if the community is right for your loved one. Before the visit, create a list of questions that includes topics like safety measures, features and amenities, staff training, and more.
Below are a few factors to consider when choosing a memory care community for a loved one.
Safety is an important feature in memory care. However, each community implements safety protocols differently. These facilities may use different tools and technology to monitor residents and ensure their well-being.
As you tour potential memory care facilities, consider these safety aspects:
Seniors with cognitive impairment need support and attention throughout the day. Experienced staff who understand dementia symptoms and behaviors, and know how to address them effectively and compassionately, can make a big difference in your loved one’s quality of life at a memory care facility.
As you research memory care communities in your area, look for information on staff training and experience in caring for seniors with memory loss. You may want to ask about:
A person-centered approach in dementia care means care is personalized to support individual needs. Many memory care facilities offer customized care. Programs and activities are planned according to residents’ needs and interests.
It’s important to understand how dementia care plans are developed:
Many dementia and Alzheimer’s care facilities are designed to feel more like home. Floor plans are easy to navigate, with clearly marked exits and labeled rooms. Some communities also feature soundproof walls, which may help reduce agitation and confusion.
When touring different memory care facilities, keep an eye out for these details. A thoughtful building layout can aid in your loved one’s transition to the community.Back to top
Moving someone with dementia can be daunting. You may feel nervous about your decision to move your loved one to memory care, wonder if the move will be traumatic, or worry about whether your relative will adapt.
You may also be struggling with how to talk with your loved one about moving to a memory care facility. Other tasks such as selling your loved one’s home, planning to downsize, and packing may add to your stress.
Taking a step-by-step approach and getting professional moving and coordination help can ease anxiety and ease the transition to memory care for you and your loved one.
You may be dreading talking to your senior relative with dementia about moving. While it’s true that changes in routine can be difficult for people with memory loss, you may help the transition by sharing the right information at the right time. Learning strategies to better communicate with someone with dementia can go a long way.
Consider carefully how much information to share. While some seniors prefer to be involved in decision making, others with lower cognitive ability may become more confused and suspicious. Avoid telling your loved one that they’re moving because they need more help. Many people with advanced dementia are unaware of their symptoms or disease. Lean on memory care staff expertise for tips and advice on how to start the conversation, and be sure to ask whether transition programs are available to get seniors acquainted with staff and the community.
Helping your senior loved one downsize before moving to memory care can be an emotional task. Belongings may be filled with treasured memories that you don’t want to let go.
Before deciding what to take and what to leave behind, it’s important to understand the space your loved one will have after they move. Avoid taking too many unnecessary items. Instead, consider these questions:
If the practical side of moving your loved one to memory care is increasing your stress, plan ahead and consider getting expert assistance. This is a big transition and you need all the help you can get.
Start with these tips to make moving a little easier:
|Visit the community with your loved one before the move.||Tell your loved one about the move too much in advance to avoid anxiety.|
|Get help from professionals who are knowledgeable about moving seniors.||Do it alone if it’s too stressful or overwhelming.|
|Observe what few items are important to your loved one and be sure to pack them.||Involve your relative in planning or deciding what to pack.|
|Plan to move during the time of day your loved one is calmest.||Move late in the afternoon or evening if your loved one is more agitated with sundown.|
|Unpack and organize your loved one’s room at the facility before they arrive.||Plan to have your loved one help with unpacking.|
|Visit the community with your loved one before the move.||Tell your loved one about the move too much in advance to avoid anxiety.|
When moving a loved one to memory care, it’s important to be realistic about your expectations. Seniors with Alzheimer’s or dementia often get confused, and changes in routine may increase stress. Understand that it may take some time for your loved one to adapt.
Be optimistic about the move and the facility to help encourage your senior loved one. Focus on positive aspects, such as the programs and activities, quality of care, and social interactions.
You’ve done your research and found the right memory care community for your loved one. Find comfort in knowing that providing the right type of care helps improve their quality of life, and take steps to help your family member transition.
If you’re unsure about how to start your search, our Senior Living Advisors can help connect you with memory care communities in your area. Our local senior living experts who can help you consider your loved one’s needs, your expectations for care, and your financial resources to find the right care for your loved one.Back to top